ISBN Publisher. International Law Book Services (ILBS). Year of Publication. Yearly print / cover colour might change. This Act may be cited as the Bills of Exchange Act Interpretation. 2. In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires– “acceptance” means an acceptance. 1) Bil Pertukaran Seksyen 3(1) Akta Bil Pertukaran Satu peritah bertulis tidak bersyarat,ditujukan kepada seseorang ditandatangani oleh orang yang.

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Provided that– a where a bill is dishonoured by non-acceptance, and notice of dishonour is not given, the rights of a holder in due course subsequent to the omission shall not be prejudiced by the omission; b where a bill is dishonoured by non-acceptance, and due notice of dishonour is given, it shall not be necessary to give notice of subsequent dishonour by non-payment unless the bill shall, in the meantime, have been accepted. What bills are negotiable 9. This Act may be cited as the Bills of Exchange Act Alteration of bill What bills are negotiable 8.

The maker of a promissory note by making it– a engages that he will pay it according to its tenor; b is precluded from denying to a holder in due course the existence of the payee and his then capacity to indorse.

What is an unreasonable length of time for this purpose is a question of fact.

Delay in noting or protesting is excused when the delay is caused by circumstances beyond the control of the holder, and not imputable to his default, misconduct or negligence. Effect where different parties to bill are the same person 5.

When noting equivalent to protest Liability of acceptor for honour Rules perutkaran to presentment for acceptance and excuses for non-presentment Protection of bankers paying unindorsed or irregularly indorsed cheques, etc. General Duties of the Pretukaran When presentment for acceptance is necessary Bills of Exchange 27 Non-acceptance Duties as to qualified acceptances Bills of Exchange 5 Section Laws of Malaysia ACT 2 In the case of a corporation, where by this Act, any instrument or writing is required to be signed, it is sufficient if the instrument or writing be sealed with the corporate seal.

Express waiver or renunciation Provided that– i when the last day of grace falls on a Sunday, public holiday or bank holiday; Bills of Exchange 15 ii when the last day of grace of a bill drawn payable in a foreign currency falls on a Saturday, Sunday, public holiday or bank holiday, the bill shall be due and payable on the next succeeding business day; b where a bill is pertumaran at a fixed period after date, after sight, or after the happening of a specified event, the time of payment is determined by excluding the day from which the time is to begin to run and by including the day of payment; c where a bill is payable at a fixed period after sight, the time begins to run from the date of the acceptance if the bill be accepted, and from the date of noting or protest if the bill be noted or protested for non-acceptance, or for non-delivery; d the term “month” in a bill means calendar month.


Presentment of cheque for payment 74A. Liability of maker Where a foreign bill has been accepted as to part, it must be protested as to the balance.

Case of need Banker paying demand draft whereon indorsement is forged Crossing a material part of cheques Omission of date in bill payable after date or acceptance after sight A banker who gives value for, or has a lien on, a cheque payable to order which the holder delivers to him for collection without indorsing it, has such if any rights as he would have had if, upon delivery, the holder perutkaran indorsed it in blank.

Akta Bil Pertukaran (Disemak – )

Protection of bankers collecting 19949 of cheques, or certain other instruments An unindorsed cheque which appears to have been paid by the banker on whom it is drawn is evidence of the receipt by the payee of the sum payable by the cheque. If nil does not, the holder shall lose the right of recourse against the drawer and indorsers. When the acceptor of a bill is or becomes the holder of it at or after its maturity, in his own right, the bill is discharged.

Notice of dishonour, in order to be valid and effectual, must aktaa given in accordance with the following rules: Negotiation of overdue or dishonoured bill Reasonable time for this purpose is a question of fact: Bills of Exchange 47 2 Where a cheque bears across its face an addition of the name of a banker, either with or without the words “not negotiable”, that addition constitutes a crossing, and the cheque is crossed specially and to that xkta.

Unindorsed cheques as evidence of payment Rules as to notice of dishonour Delivery Capacity and Authority of Parties When a bill is duly presented for acceptance and is not accepted within the customary time, the person presenting it must treat it as dishonoured by pertukarab.


Where a bill purports to be indorsed conditionally, the condition may be disregarded by the payer, and payment to the indorsee is valid whether the condition has been fulfilled or not. Bills of Exchange 43 Bill in a Set Rules as to sets The provisions of sections 82 to 86 do not make negotiable any instrument which apart from them is pertumaran negotiable.

Bills of Exchange 23 Conditional indorsement Revocation of banker’s authority Where a bill is not payable on demand the day on which it falls due is determined as follows: Certainty required as to payee 7. When a bill payable to order on demand is drawn on a banker, and the banker on whom it is drawn pays the bills in good faith and in the ordinary course of business, it is not incumbent on the banker to show that the indorsement of the payee or any subsequent indorsement was made by or under the authority of the person whose indorsement it purports to be, and the banker is deemed to have paid the bill in due course, although such indorsement has been forged or made without authority.


Special Provisions Relating to Endorsement, Etc. If he gives notice to his principal, he must do so within the same time as if he were the holder, and the principal upon receipt of such notice has himself the same time for giving notice as if the agent had been an independent holder; n where a party to a bill receives due notice of dishonour he has, after the receipt of such notice, the same period of time for giving notice to antecedent parties that the holder has after the dishonour; o where a notice of dishonour is duly addressed and posted, the sender is deemed to have given due notice of dishonour notwithstanding any miscarriage by the post office.

But nothing in this section shall be construed as requiring the bill or note of a corporation to be under seal. If the drawee accepts more than one part, and such accepted parts get into the hands of different holders in due course, he is liable on every such part as if it were a separate bill.

Akta Bil Pertukaran 1949 (Disemak – 1978)

pertuksran Provided that– a where the holder in good faith and by mistake inserts a wrong date; and b in every case where a wrong date is inserted, if the bill subsequently comes into the hands of a holder in due course, the bill shall not be avoided thereby, but shall operate and be payable as if the date so inserted had been the true date. Inland and foreign bills 4. Excuses for delay in giving notice of dishonour Lost Instruments Holder’s right to duplicate of lost bill Provided that nothing in this section shall affect the ratification of an unauthorized signature not amounting to a forgery.

Inland and foreign bills 5.