Translated by Burton Watson. Only by inhabiting Dao (the Way of Nature) and dwelling in its unity can humankind achieve true happiness and freedom, in both . The Complete Works of Chuang Tzu. Translated by Burton Watson. Foreword by Wm. Theodore de Bary. Columbia University Press. The Complete Works of. Accepting the challenge of translating this captivating classic in its entirety, Burton Watson has expertly rendered into English both the profound thought and the.

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Though you treat it like a king, its spirit won’t be content. But to fail to abide by this mind and still insist upon your rights and wrongs – this is like saying that you set off for Yueh today and got there yesterday. Since he doesn’t have the feelings of a man, right and wrong cannot get at him.

But those who don’t excuse their faults and who admit they didn’t deserve to be spared – they are few. Nothing is as good as following orders obeying fate – that’s how difficult it is!

I supposed, Master, that you would be like heaven and earth. But he went to see the Four Masters of the faraway Ku-she: They borrow the forms of different creatures and house them in the same body. My chin is hidden in my navel, my shoulders are wattson above my head, and my pigtail points at the sky.

The Complete Works of Chuang Tzu

Will he make you into a rat’s liver? Listening stops with the ears, the mind stops with recognition, but spirit is empty- and waits on all things. When I talk about having no feelings, I mean that a man doesn’t allow likes or dislikes to get in and do him harm. Because he regarded virtue as what is reasonable, he was like a man with two feet who gets to the top of the hill.


For him, knowledge is an offshoot, promises are glue, favors are a patching up, and skill is a peddler. The sage embraces things. Now that they have brought me to the verge of death, if I should refuse to obey them, how perverse I would be!

The Way has never known boundaries; speech has no constancy. How did I know you would act like this? A brave soldier will plunge alone into the midst of nine armies. Tolerant,4 he seemed to be part of the world; towering alone, he could be checked by nothing; withdrawn, he seemed to prefer te cut himself off; bemused, he forgot what he was going to say. To men such as these, how could there be any question of putting life first or death last?

When he got to Master Sang’s gate, he heard something like singing or crying, and someone striking a lute and saying: So the Creator is making me all crookedy like this! If he had only mounted on the truth of Heaven and Earth, ridden the complrte of the six breaths, and thus wandered through the boundless, then what would he have had to depend on? Though flood waters pile up to the sky, he will not drown. What do you think of them? xhuang

When Tzu-kung arrived, he found one of the dead man’s friends weaving frames for silkworms, while the wirks strummed a lute. Tzu-yu said, ” May I venture to ask what this means? Essays on Economics and Society Vol B. The next day the two came to see Hu Tzu again, and when they had left the room, the shaman said to Lieh Tzu, “It certainly was lucky that your master met me!

The horse lover tries to think of everything, but his affection leads him into error. The four men looked at each other and smiled. Sung Jung-tzu6 would certainly burst out laughing at such a man. But the human form has ten thousand changes that never come to an end.


When you live around worthy men a long time, you’ll be free of faults. What can I do with a man like this? Then even gods and spirits will come to dwell, not to speak of men! What kind of a dreary question is that! He regarded penalties as the body, rites as the wings, wisdom as what is timely, virtue as what is reasonable. He doesn’t stand up and teach, he doesn’t sit down and discuss, yet they rhe to him empty and come home full. Carpenter Shih went to Ch’i and, when he got to Crooked Shaft, he saw a serrate oak standing by the village shrine.

How can words exist and not be acceptable? Or can they not be said to have attained completion?

Burton Chuang-tzu & Watson, The Complete Works. Translated by Burton Watson – PhilPapers

The Analects of Confucius. Burton Watson – – Philosophy and Literature 16 2: Both Kuan Lung-feng and Prince Pi Kan were scrupulous in their conduct, bent down to comfort and aid the common people, and used their positions as ministers to oppose their superiors. Nothing but a man! His wife and children gathered round in a circle and began to cry.

A good completion takes a long time; a bad completion cannot be changed later. But may Co,plete ask about the piping of Heaven?

Master Lai said, “A child, obeying his father and mother, goes wherever he is told, east or west, south or north.