Caranx hippos. This large fish is wonderfully abundant in the Atlantic Ocean, and popular resource for both commercial and sports fishers alike. Description, classification, synonyms, distribution map and images of Caranx hippos – Crevalle jack. (ofScomber hippos Linnaeus, ) Linnaeus C. (). Systema naturae per regna tria naturae: secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum.

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The crevalle jack is a powerful, predatory fish, with extensive studies showing the species consumes a variety of small fish, with invertebrates such as prawnsshrimpscrabsmolluscs and cephalopods also of minor importance. Between the seventh and the eighth spines of the adult there is an overgrowth of skin. Adults prey upon on a variety of fish, shrimp and invertebrates.

Journal of Experimental Marine Biology hippps Ecology. Generally in neritic waters over the continental shelf Ref.

Smithsonian Marine Station | Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History

Coloration The crevalle jack is greenish-bluish or bluish-black above and silvery white to yellowish or golden below. It is taken by a variety of netting methods, including purse nets, seines and gill netsas well as hook-and-line methods. Entered by Luna, Susan M. Often grunts or croaks are heard when caught. Portugal to Yippos, including the western Mediterranean.

Young fish dispersed north by currents in the eastern Atlantic are known to migrate back to more tropical waters before the onset of winter; however, if the fish fail to migrate, mass mortalities occur as the temperature falls below the species’ tolerance limits. The crevalle jack’s colour ranges from brassy green to blue or bluish-black dorsally, becoming silvery white or golden ventrally.


There have been some reports of ciguatera poisoning associated with this jack. Integrative and Comparative Biology.

Smithsonian Marine Station

The larva use estuaries as nurseries. Other parasites hipps protozoans, monogenea gillwormscestoda tapewormsand nematoda roundworms. DMSP is a naturally occurring chemical produced by marine algae and, to a lesser extent, corals and their symbiotic zooxanthellae. Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations.

The chest is scaleless except for a small patch of scales in front of the pelvic fins.

Scientific synonyms and common names Cranx hippos Linnaeus, Synonyms: Danger to Humans There have been some reports of ciguatera poisoning associated with this jack. Juveniles feed mainly on small fish and crustaceans. The crevalle jack has been implicated in several cases carnax ciguatera poisoning, although appears less likely to be a carrier than the horse-eye jack.

Blennioideipp. They also often are found throughout the Gulf of Mexico, especially along the coast of Texas and the west coast of Florida.

Caranx itself is part of the larger jack and horse mackerel family Carangidaea group of percoid fishes in the order Perciformes. Views Read Edit View history. Juveniles have 5 dark bars on their bodies. In juveniles the small hi;pos scales on the chest form at 0. Young Caranx in the Western North Atlantic. There is an oval black spot on the pectoral fins; this appears at about 4.


Ventrally, the jack crevalle has a single pair of triangular patches of smaller teeth. Parasites Two known parasites of the crevalle jack are Stephanostomum ditrematis and Bucephalus varicusboth digenic trematodes.

Phylogenetic diversity index Ref. Analisis taxonomico y consideraciones filogeneticas sobre las especies cubanas del genero Caranx Teleostei, Perciformes, Carangidae.

The crevalle jack inhabits the tropical and temperate waters of the Daranx Oceanranging extensively along both the eastern American coastline and the western African and European coastlines.

From Wikipedia, uippos free encyclopedia. Adults have been found in freshwater habitats as well as those with a salinity of It has large eyes. They form fast-moving schools, although larger fish may be solitary. The caudal fin is strongly forked, and the pectoral fins are falcate, being longer than the length of the head.

Main reference Upload your references References Coordinator: Reproduction The spawning season of the crevalle jack is early March to early September. Journal of Natural History.

Notes on Carangin fishes