Vallès. ‘Use of Non-crop Food Vascular Plants in Montseny Biosphere Reserve Flora arvense española: Las Malas hierbas de los cultivos españoles. Although E. arvense is found with many crops (Håkansson, a,b,c) it is not competitive Top of page The horsetails are primitive perennial plants. .. XIII Congreso de la Sociedad Española de Malherbología, La Laguna. Flora arvense española: las malas hierbas de los cultivos españoles by Jose Luis Carretero, , available at Book Depository with free delivery .

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Andersson TN; Milberg P, Life-forms and occurrence under Swedish conditions. Comparison of weed flora in winter cereals in the province of Zaragoza Spain from and thirty years later. The increased frequency of E.

Growth and regeneration of field horsetail Equisetum arvense.

BeitrSge zur geobotanischen Landesaufnahme der Schweiz, Heft Growth of field horsetail Equisetum arvense under low-light and low nitrogen conditions. AVI Publishing Company, pp. Repeated hoeing during one season has little effect on E.

Flora arvense espaola pdf

Golub S; Wetmore R, They emerge as achlorophyllous spore-producing stems cm the following spring. The fertile stem has large, easily separated joints, up to 8 mm thick.

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For maximum growth, E. The World’s Worst Weeds. Williams showed that E. Under some circumstances, E. Notes arvensd Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page The horsetails are primitive perennial plants.

Equisetum arvense (field horsetail)

The shade sensitivity of E. Habitat Top of page E. Changes in the weed population of spring cereals in Finland. They are precocious and ephemeral. Historically, the dried stems of E. A review of the control of Equisetum arvense L. Plantes Medicinales et Phytotherapie, 25 arvensr Hay containing this weed may be more poisonous than fresh plants in the field.

Flora arvense española : las malas hierbas de los cultivos españoles

Fossil material of Equisetum arvense has been found from the Carboniferous period, about million years ago Mitich, Data from a long-term experiment have shown that E. Cultural Control A year study of E. Annals of Applied Biology, 3: Biology and Arvensse Top of page Large subterranean buds develop during the summer from an extensive rhizome system.

Andersson TN; Espaoa B, b. Life-forms, C3 and C4 photosynthesis and plant families in a global perspective. Ecology of Equisetum palustre in Finland, with special reference to its role as a noxious weed. The sheaths are cup-shaped, cm long, gradually widening upward. There is large variation in the physiological activity of E.

However, the species is very variable and differences in the numbers of branch teeth, the nature of branching and the habit have been described Hauke, The teeth are dark brown to light tan, free or partly united, 1. The intriguing world of weeds, Part X. Nitrogen-fixing activities associated with rhizomes and roots of Equisetum species.


The terminal buds are always larger than the lateral buds and produce the first and also the most vigorous vegetative shoots in height and diameter.

The spores germinate to produce the minute, sexual stage gametophytewhich is seldom seen, from which the spore-bearing plants develop. Prevention and Control Top of page Introduction E.

However, July-October is significant for rhizome growth, tuber initiation and the arcense storage of assimilates in the underground system Marshall, Thiaminase is an enzyme that splits the B vitamin thiamine rendering it inactive.

When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Rhythm and dormancy periods in the vegetative and growth of some perennial weeds. Distribution Maps Top of page You can pan and zoom the map.