The permission for this ministry, given in by Pope Paul VI, was implemented by the instruction aptly entitled Immensae Caritatis — Immense Love. From the. therefore an honored pastoral function. Extraordinary ministers are envisioned by the Instruction. “Immensae Caritatis” where there is a genuine.  S. Congregation for Divine Worship, Instruction, Immensae caritatis, 29 January AAS 65 () p.  Cf. S. Congregation of.
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The proof of his boundless charity that Christ the Lord left to his Bride the Church, namely, the inexpressible and supreme gift of the eucharist, requires us to deepen our appreciation of this great mystery and to share ever more fully in its saving power.
Accordingly, the Church, in its pastoral zeal and care, has repeatedly made practical laws and timely statements of doctrine aimed at furthering devotion toward the eucharist, the summit and center of Christian worship. The new conditions of the present seem to demand that, without prejudice to the supreme reverence due to so great a sacrament,1 access to communion be made easier, so that by sharing more fully in the effects of the sacrifice of the Mass, the faithful may more willingly and intensely give themselves to God and to the ikmensae of the Church and of all carittis.
The first measures to be taken are meant to prevent reception of communion from becoming either impossible or difficult because there are not enough ministers. Measures must be taken, secondly, to prevent exclusion of the sick from this great comfort of the spirit, the reception of communion, because of their inability to observe the law of fast, even in its current less severe form. Finally, it seems advantageous in certain instances to allow the faithful who request it to receive communion a second time on the same day.
In response therefore to the preferences of several conferences of bishops, the caritaris norms are issued on:.
There are several situations in which a shortage of ministers of communion has been pointed out:. In order, then, that the faithful who are in the state of grace and rightly and devoutly wish to share in the sacred meal may not be deprived of this sacramental aid and solace, Pope Paul VI has decided it opportune to authorize special ministers who will be empowered to give communion to themselves and others of the faithful, under the exact and specified conditions here listed.
Local Ordinaries possess the faculty enabling them to permit fit persons, caritstis chosen by name as a special minister, in a given instance or for a set period or even permanently, to give communion to themselves and others of the faithful and to carry it to the sick residing at home:. The same local Ordinaries possess the faculty of granting individual priests in the course of their ministry the power to appoint, for a given occasion, a fit immensqe to distribute communion in cases of genuine necessity.
The local Ordinaries also may delegate these immenae to auxiliary bishops, episcopal vicars, and episcopal delegates. The fit person referred to in nos. I and II will be designated according to the order of this listing which may be changed at the prudent discretion of the local Ordinary: In the oratories of communities of both men and women religious caritayis office of distributing communion in the circumstances stated in no.
I may rightly be assigned to. If there is time, it is advisable that the fit person chosen by the local Ordinary as a minister of communion and the person, referred to in no. Because these immeneae have been granted exclusively in favor of the spiritual good of the faithful and for cases of genuine need, let priests remember that such faculties do not release them from immenzae obligation of giving the eucharist to the faithful who lawfully request it and especially of bringing and administering it to the sick.
The faithful who are special ministers of communion must be persons whose good qualities of Christian life, faith, and caritais recommend them. Let them strive to be worthy of this great office, foster their own devotion to the eucharist, and show an example to the rest of the faithful by caritattis own devotion and reverence toward the most august sacrament of the altar.
No one is to be chosen whose appointment the faithful might find disquieting. The discipline now in force permits the faithful immenssae receive communion a second time on the same day:. Over and above those listed, there are other situations of the same type that favor a second communion. The reasons for granting a new faculty therefore must here be caditatis out in detail.
Like a provident mother, the Church has established from centuries-old practice and has received into its canon law a norm according to which it is lawful for the faithful to receive communion only once a day.
That norm remains unchanged and is not to be disregarded simply for reasons of devotion. Any ill-advised desire to repeat communion must be countered by the truth that the more devoutly a person approaches the holy table the greater the power of that sacrament which feeds, strengthens, and expresses faith, charity, and the rest of the virtues. There may however be special circumstances in which the faithful who have already caritaits communion on the same day or in which priests who have celebrated Mass attend some community’s celebration.
It will be lawful for these faithful and these priests to receive communion a second time in the following situations:. Over and above the cases already mentioned, the local Ordinary is allowed to grant for a single occasion the faculty to receive communion twice on the same day whenever, because of truly special circumstances.
First, it remains firm and established that one cariyatis the faithful to whom viaticum is administered in danger of death is not bound by any precept of fast. As for food and drink serving as nourishment, that tradition must be preserved according to which the eucharist was to be taken “before all food,” as Tertullian says,11 as a sign of the excellence of the sacramental food. To give recognition to the dignity of the sacrament and to stir up joy at the coming of the Lord, it is well to observe a period of silence and recollection.
It is a sufficient sign of devotion caritatjs respect on the carittatis of the sick if they direct their mind for a brief period to this great mystery. The duration of the eucharistic fast, that is, of abstaining from food or alcoholic drink, is reduced to approximately a quarter of an hour for:. The same Instruction contained a reminder that “the laws of caritatos Church and the writings of the Fathers give ample witness of a supreme reverence and utmost caution toward cariatis eucharist”12 and that this must continue.
Particularly in regard to this way of receiving communion, experience suggests certain matters requiring careful attention.
On the part of both the minister and the recipient, whenever the host is placed in the hand of a communicant there must be careful concern and caution, especially about particles that might fall from the hosts.
The usage of communion in the hand must be accompanied by relevant instruction or catechesis on Catholic teaching regarding Christ’s real and permanent presence under the eucharistic elements and the proper reverence toward this sacrament. They are also to be instructed not to omit after communion the sincere and appropriate thanksgiving that is in keeping with their individual capacities, caritatia, and occupation.
Finally, to the end that their coming to this heavenly table may be completely worthy and fruitful, the faithful should be instructed on its benefits and effects, for both the individual and society, so that their immensaw relationship to the Father who gives us our “daily bread,”15 may reflect the highest reverence for him, nurture love, and lead to a living bond with Christ, in whose flesh and blood we share l6.
Pope Paul VI approved this Instruction, confirmed it with his authority, and ordered its publication, setting the day of publication as its effective date. Assuredly, therefore, the more that Christians perceive the sacredness and divinity of this heavenly sacrament, the more must they take every care not to come to receive it without reverence and holiness, especially since we have the frightening words of St.
Those wishing caritatiz receive communion must be reminded of St. Church usage makes it clear that such an examination is needed because those conscious of mortal sin, no matter how immdnsae they may regard themselves, must not caritatiz to the eucharist without sacramental confession beforehand. carritatis
This Council decrees that, when confessors are available, this practice must always be observed by all Christians, including priests obliged by office to celebrate Mass. A priest who in case of necessity has celebrated Mass without confessing beforehand must go to confession as soon thereafter as possible. AAS 38 AAS 49 Sacred Carritatis of Rites, Instr.
Congregation of the Sacraments
Sacred Congregation for Divine Worship, Instr. In response therefore to the preferences of several conferences of bishops, the following norms are issued on: Special Ministers Of The Eucharist There are several situations in which a shortage of ministers of communion has been pointed out: Local Ordinaries possess the faculty enabling them to permit immeneae persons, each chosen by name as a special minister, in a given instance or for a set period or even permanently, to give communion to themselves and others of the faithful and to carry it to the sick residing at home: The same local Ordinaries possess the faculty of granting individual priests in the course of their ministry the power to appoint, for a given occasion, a cariattis person to distribute communion in cases of genuine necessity III.
I may rightly be assigned to the non-ordained superior of men religious or to the superior of women religious or to their vicars.
It will be lawful for these faithful and these priests to receive communion a second time in the following situations: The duration of the eucharistic fast, that is, of abstaining from food or alcoholic drink, is reduced to approximately immenssae quarter of an cariattis for: Endnotes 1 See Council of Trent, sess.
Given on January 29, The proof of his caritatiw charity that Christ the Lord left to his Bride the Church, namely, the inexpressible and supreme gift of the eucharist, requires us to deepen our appreciation of this great mystery and to share ever more fully in its saving power.