Implementing the semi-structured interview Kiddie-SADS-PL into an in-patient adolescent clinical setting: impact on frequency of diagnoses. The K-SADS is a semi-structured diagnostic interview designed to assess current and past episodes of psychopathology in children and adolescents according. The K-SADS-III-R is compatible with DSM-III-R criteria. This version of the SADS provides 31 diagnoses within affective disorders (including depression, bipolar.
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Scores of 0 indicate no information is available; scores of 1 suggest the symptom is not present; scores of 2 indicate sub-threshold presentation and scores of 3 indicate threshold presentation of symptoms. Results Study participants included 26 girls mean kdidie The results are somewhat mixed and limited, particularly for adolescent depression.
Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia – Wikipedia
Extensive field-testing helped find adequate wording understandable by children and low-educated parents. First, a screening instrument is applied to the entire sample to identify suspected cases, and second, a diagnostic instrument is applied to all positive children a smaller number and to a representative sample of negative children a bigger number.
Nordic Safs of Psychiatry. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Anxiety disorders included social phobia, agoraphobia, specific phobias, separation anxiety disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder, panic disorder, acute stress disorder, and posttraumatic sasd disorder. Views Read Edit View history. Three Brazilian experienced professionals two child psychiatrists and one psychologist were responsible for the translation to Portuguese with special attention to different dimensions of equivalence including cultural adaptation.
Valid diagnostic instruments are fundamental to accurately identify children in need of specialized mental health treatment, and to establish health policies based on the prevalence of mental disorders in different child and adolescent populations.
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Diagnostic Assessment in Child and Adolescent Psychopathology. The Brazilian version of K-SADS-PL was developed from the original English version 7 using recommended procedures for translation, back-translation and cultural adaptation [ 13 – 16 ].
Its development occurred kiiddie rigorous methodological requirements regarding translation, back-translation, cultural adaptation and study of psychometric properties [ 8 ]. The investigators are now in the process of creating a computerized version of the instrument. There are currently four different versions of the test that are structured to include interviews with both the child and the parents or guardians. J Child Psychol Psychiat.
Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia
Versions of the K-SADS are semi-structured interviews administered by health care providers or highly trained clinical researchers, which gives more flexibility to the interviewer about how to phrase and probe items, while still covering a consistent set of disorders.
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Regarding child psychopathology research, it is important for every country to have screening and diagnostic instruments that show convergent validity. Archives of General Psychiatry. The internal consistency and concurrent validity of a Spanish translation of the Child Behavior Checklist. Convergence between statistically derived behavior problem syndromes and child psychiatric diagnoses.
However, further research is needed to find the appropriate CBCL cut-off T-score to identify children and adolescents free of psychopathology in community samples. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. The tool examines both past and current episodes, focusing on the most severe past episode and the most current episode.
Clinical skills on the part of interviewers depend on acquired knowledge about child development and psychopathology. Back-translation for cross-cultural research. Competing interests The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
Reliable epidemiological data on the prevalence of psychiatric disorders among children and adolescents, risk and protective factors, comorbidity, and service utilization is highly relevant for service planning and health policy decisions in any country [ 1 – 4 ].
Classifying psychiatric disorders after traumatic brain injury and orthopaedic injury in children: Test-retest reliability of the schedule for affective disorders and schizophrenia for school-age children, present episode version”.
Just one screening item from determined diagnostic area kidddie the threshold indicates the need of further assessment with complementary items from the same diagnostic area that are included in the related supplement.
Discussion Child mental health research conducted with valid and reliable standardized methods of assessment contributes to data reliability, and increases the possibility of adequate cross-cultural comparisons.
It is important to highlight that non-disordered children according to K-SADS-PL final diagnoses included not only asymptomatic children but also sub-threshold children. Each item is rated on a rating scale.
This original version assesses symptoms that have occurred in the most current episode within the week kidvie the interviewas well as symptoms that have occurred within the last 12 months. Because sources of referral include health professionals, schools, social services, and parents themselves, the group of children scheduled for first appointment is heterogeneous in terms of psychopathology, including children without disorders and clinical cases of different severity levels.
Association between different diagnostic approaches for child and adolescent psychopathology.
K-SADS-PL – Kiddie-Sads-Present and Lifetime Version
Many versions of the test, including the translated versions, are not available as PDF’s online. Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria. The greater degree of clinical judgment required has also made the K-SADS less suitable for large epidemiological projects, which usually need to use interviewers with little prior clinical experience. Scores of 0 suggest no information is available; scores of 1 suggest the symptom is not present at all; kidrie of 2 suggest the symptom is slightly present; scores of 3 suggest the symptom is mildly severe; scores of 4 suggest the symptom is moderately severe; scores sxds 5 suggest the symptom is severe; and scores of 6 suggest the eads is extremely severe.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Is it possible to carry out high-quality epidemiological research in psychiatry with limited resources? Epidemiology and child psychiatry: