One such factor is the ‘social network’. The concept of the social network was introduced to the field of sociolinguistics by Lesley and James Milroy. In her study . Social network is considered as a determining factor in language change, contact , Milroy and colleagues (Milroy /) examined three stable inner-city. J. Linguistics 21 (), Printed in Great Britain. Linguistic change, social network and speaker innovation. 1. JAMES MILROY AND LESLEY MILROY.
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Sociolinguistic surveys have shown that language variation cannot only be found among groups with varying socio-economic status but also within one group.
Social network (sociolinguistics) – Wikipedia
Following the regular class pattern, we could expect the members of one socio-economic status group to show uniform linguistic behaviour. Obviously this is not the case in reality.
Even speakers with the same socio-economic status are characterized by their varying use of language.
Consequently, there must be other significant factors than such static social variables as class or gender which can account for linguistic variation. The concept of the social network was introduced to the field of sociolinguistics by Lesley and James Milroy.
In her study of three working-class communities in Belfast, Northern Ireland, Lesley Milroy found significant deviations from the classic class and gender pattern.
A social network is an abstract mechanism that denotes the social relationships an individual contracts with other individuals in a laguage. The character of a social network is defined by the contact patterns between its members How many members know each other and how well do they know each other?
Language and Social Networks – Lesley Milroy – Google Books
The structure of a network can be determined by the factors of density and multiplexity. Multiplexity refers milryo any factor or link that can deepen a social relationship, e. Their social ties are multiplex in character. Language use depends on how deeply a member is integrated into a particular social network.
Social networks are characterized by network-specific norms and values including norms of language use.
The more an individual is integrated into a social network, the more s he will adhere linguistically to the existing norms and values of this network. The concept of the social network illustrates the significance of the factor of social contact to other speakers and their linguistic varieties for the occurrence of linguistic variation.
Language and Lesleey Status Stylistic Pattern: Language and Style Gender Pattern: Language and Sex Age Pattern: Language and Age Ethnic Pattern: Sociolinguistics Language and Social Networks Sociolinguistic surveys have shown that language variation cannot only be found among groups with varying socio-economic status but also within one group.